The Life of Jesus
The central question that has been driving the biblical story thus far is: “How will God redeem his creation?” As the story has progressed, a connected question has arisen: “How will God redeem his people so that they can be a blessing to the world?” The answer the Bible gives is the same for both: Jesus.
The New Testament writers are united in their assertion that Jesus is central to the biblical story. Jesus is the climax of God‘s plans to restore creation and reunite people with himself. But as we continue to read, we get the sense that this claim is too small: Jesus is actually central to the life of the universe itself. Furthermore, he isn’t just the human leader that Israel has been waiting for— he is Almighty God. These facts make the four Gospel accounts of Jesus’ life all the more remarkable.
Powerful writing tends to show more than it tells. The reader is asked to enter into the narrative and draw their own conclusions. As you read this month’s passages— which may be very familiar to you— try to see what the gospel writers are showing about Jesus, more than merely telling. Each gospel writer is prompting the same basic question, “Who is Jesus?” See if you can enrich your understanding of Jesus, particularly given the Old Testament background you have been immersed in over the previous months.
In the beginning: John 1
The Gospel of Mark begins with John the Baptist; Matthew and Luke with Jesus and his ancestors. But John’s Gospel begins even further back, in the beginning. In Greek philosophy the term “Word” (logos) was used to describe the underlying ordering the principle of the universe, the thing that held everything together. In Jewish understanding, “Word” meant God’s powerful, wise, creative activity in the world. In John’s Gospel Jesus is described as the “Word made flesh,” with the author drawing together both cultural ideas.
After the ‘cosmic’ introduction to Jesus in the first 18 verses, the first chapter of John’s gospel is no less dramatic. Notice particularly the titles given to Jesus by various people.
At the beginning of his gospel, what are the key things John wants us to know about Jesus— particularly given the several titles used in relation to him?
The beginning of Jesus ministry: Mark 1
The Gospel of Mark begins with a phrase that would have been instantly recognisable to anyone living in the Roman empire. The Greek word “euangelion,” meaning good news, or gospel, was commonly used to proclaim a significant change in the empire— such as the birth of a new Caesar, or a great military victory. As Mark introduces Jesus, it would seem that something big is changing in the world. In Mark’s opening chapter, it would seem that his gospel is nothing less that the coming of the Kingdom of God.
From the evidence of this first chapter of Mark, what is the Kingdom of God? What do you think are the implications of the arrival of the Kingdom of God?
Jesus’ mission: Mk 8:27-38
Jesus is creating a stir. He is traveling the countryside, teaching with authority, healing and confronting the authorities. The question everyone is asking is: Who is he? Peter confirms that Jesus is the Christ, Israel’s long-awaited Messiah. But Jesus immediately confuses him by saying that his mission is to suffer and die. Peter doesn’t think this fits with what the Messiah is supposed to do [that is, defeat Israel’s enemies], so he’s quick to contradict Jesus. But Jesus strongly opposes his challenge: he is on a mission that is not what Peter expects.
What we learned in this passage about Jesus sense of mission?
What have we learned about being Jesus’ disciple?
Shedding light on the scene
Jesus describes the kingdom life: Matthew 5-7.
All the Gospels make it clear that God‘s kingdom is finally arriving in and through Jesus himself. In Matthew 5-7, Jesus outlines what life in that kingdom looks like. It’s a vision that continues to challenge and inspire today.
Would it be easier, do you think, to obey the Law of Moses or the Teachings of Jesus in Matthew 5-7?
Do you think Jesus actually intends Christians to live up to the very high standards of his teaching in these 3 chapters? Why or why not?
Israel’s hopes and the Ministry of Jesus: Luke 1-4
Luke’s account of Jesus birth is the most detailed of all the Gospels. It lays a foundation for understanding who Jesus is and why he came.
According to Luke, what was Israel waiting for at the time of Jesus? How does this shape our understanding of who Jesus is?
Jesus weeps: John 11
Jesus is the Word — the person that holds the whole world together, and the creative power of God – made flesh. Here he is among friends, weeping at the pain of the loss they have suffered, because of the death of someone they love. However, the father gives Jesus power over death.
How does this scene expand our vision of who Jesus is— both Word and Flesh?
Jesus rides into Jerusalem: Mark 11
Israel is waiting for a hero, and their Messiah. They want a leader to free them from Roman oppression, to make a way for God to return to live with them. Jesus has acted in ways that have suggested he might be the guy for the job. In this passage, Jesus finally answers some questions about his identity, as he’s welcomed by the crowds as the Messiah.
What is the significance of the various Old Testament allusions and quotations Mark carefully records in this passage?
Why do you think Jesus so carefully ‘stage managed’ his arrival in Jerusalem?
What are we being shown about Jesus? What are we being told about Jesus?
Looking forward and backward.
The authors of the New Testament consider Jesus to be the culmination of the story of the entire Old Testament. All the threads and hopes of Israel’s narrative and woven into his life. The following passages are chosen to shed light on the other readings for this month. What connections can you see? What do we learn about Jesus and his role in the story of God?
Israel’s representative ruler: Psalm 2.
This song was sung at the enthronement of Israel’s Davidic kings. The king of Israel was more than just a powerful figure, he was the representative. At Jesus’ baptism, God speaks a word from this Psalm over Jesus.
Israel’s king on the donkey: Zechariah 9:9-17
After a series of unfaithful kings before the exile, Israel longs for a true representative; a faithful king, a Messiah, who will lead them in victory against their enemies. The prophet Zechariah suggests they will know that this king has arrived when he rides into Jerusalem on a donkey.
God comes to Israel: Isaiah chapter 40:1-5; Malachi 3:1-5; 4:1-6.
After the exile, Israel hoped that one day God would return to Jerusalem, remembering how he had previously indicated his presence with the temple in the cloud of glory. The writers of the New Testament assert, in an unexpected turn, that this return happened in Jesus.
The restoration of Israel: Isaiah 35
Isaiah speaks to Israel in exile and declares that one day they will be restored. A sign of this restoration will be the healing of the blind, the lame, the deaf, and the mute.
Return from exile: Isaiah 61
Isaiah 60-61 speaks of the great restoration of God’s people. God promises a return to peace and prosperity. In Isaiah 61, we see God anointed a human agent to make this happen.
Reading the whole Bible.
|Aug. 1: Matt. 1-2|
Aug. 2: Matt. 3-4
Aug. 3: Matt. 5-6
Aug. 4: Matt. 7-8, Isaiah 40
Aug. 5: Matt. 9-10, Isaiah 41
Aug. 6: Matt. 11-12, Isaiah 42
Aug. 7: Matt. 13, Isaiah 43
Aug. 8: Matt. 14-15, Isaiah 44
Aug. 9: Matt. 16-17, Isaiah 45
Aug. 10: Matt. 18, Isaiah 46
Aug. 11: Matt. 19, Isaiah 47
Aug. 12: Matt. 20-21, Isaiah 48
Aug. 13: Matt. 22, Isaiah 49
Aug. 14: Matt. 23-24, Isaiah 50
Aug. 15: Matt. 25, Isaiah 51
Aug. 16: Matt. 26-27, Isaiah 52
|Aug. 17: Matt. 28; John 1 |
Aug. 18: John 2, Isaiah 53
Aug. 19: John 3, Isaiah 54
Aug. 20: John 4-5, Isaiah 55
Aug. 21: John 6, Isaiah 56
Aug. 22: John 7-8, Isaiah 57
Aug. 23: John 9, Isaiah 58
Aug. 24: John 10-11, Isaiah 59
Aug. 25: John 12, Isaiah 60
Aug. 26: John 13-14, Isaiah 61
Aug. 27: John 15, Isaiah 62
Aug. 28: John 16-17, Isaiah 63
Aug. 29: John 18, Isaiah 64
Aug. 30: John 19-20, Isaiah 65
Aug. 31: John 21, Isaiah 66